Florida weather can make owning outdoor plants difficult. During the summer, sweltering temperatures can suffocate plants, and in the winter, sudden frosty temperatures can be detrimental to your plants.
If you’re looking to maintain a garden or purchase a few plants to enhance your curb appeal, the ones on this list have been selected with care.
They can withstand drought and frigid temperatures, and best of all, they’re low maintenance in the North Florida climate. Many of these plants, flowers, and small shrubs were found in the Florida-Friendly Landscaping Plant Guide.
1. Birds of Paradise
This flower, native to South Africa, resembles a brightly colored bird. Its height usually reaches from 4 to 5 feet tall with a 2- or 3-foot spread. They should flower several times during the year.
They require full sun but can tolerate light shading accompanied by warmth. The bird of paradise can be grown near the ocean as they’ll endure the breeze.
Overwatering can be detrimental to this plant and cause yellowing. We recommend you grow the plant in a container and take it inside when temperatures start to drop below 50 degrees.
2. Chenille Plant
Chenille is French for caterpillar which is what the fuzzy red flowers on this plant resemble. In containers, the Chenille Plant will top out at two to three feet, but planted outside, they can grow between eight to fifteen feet tall.
Chenille plants are tropical and prefer part sun to part shade. They will blossom all year. Unlike the Birds of Paradise, the Chenille Plant does not do well in windy environments.
We recommend you keep them potted and bring them inside when weather gets chilly as they will sag in temperatures below 60 degrees.
3. Cast Iron Plant
The cast iron plant is a tough hardy plant that thrives in shady spots. It can be grown outdoors throughout Florida. Avoid putting it in direct sunlight though. The leaves of this plant will reach between 12 to 20 inches tall, and slowly, the plant will spread across the habitat.
After they are rooted, you will not need to water these plants, however, they will perform better if watered periodically. The cast iron plant is low-maintenance and will add texture and exoticism to the shadier parts of your landscape. It will also do well as an office or house plant.
4. Firecracker Plant
The firecracker plant is a great option for individuals seeking to add a pop of color to their yard. With showy red flowers, this plant will expand quickly across your Florida landscape. The plant grows up to three feet tall and will spread up to five feet wide.
While the coleus does not flower, the foliage comes in a variety of colors, patterns, and leaf shapes that add variety to your garden or landscape. Additionally, these versatile plants can be grown in sun, shade, or partial shade depending on the variant you choose. The plant may flower, but if it does, to maintain plant form, nipping the bud is recommended.
To add more interest to your garden, you can plant several coleus varieties together which will make them pop. Add them to beds or borders for interest or put them in baskets and containers to limit their growth. When the weather gets chilly, cover the plants or bring them inside. They will thrive in the warmer months.
6. Rubber Plant
While the rubber plant is typically grown and cared for indoors, it can also thrive outdoors in North Florida as a tree, requiring only protection from wind, covering from frost, and a shady environment. The plant, named after its rubbery looking leaves, might require pruning as, in the wild, the tree can grow between 40 and 100 feet in height.
The plant may require watering during the summer which is the growing season for rubber plants but should require little maintenance. Because of their size, they can be used as space dividers or privacy screening on patios and decks.
7. Wax Begonias
While there are more than 1,300 species and hybrids of begonias, wax begonias are one of the few that do well as landscape plants. They come in various shades of red, pink, and white and do well in sun or shade. Begonias can grow anywhere from 6 to 18 inches tall and spread 6 to 12 inches.
Unlike the impatiens, begonias should be deadheaded. Like most other flowers, they do not respond well to cold and should be planted after a frost. They can be taken inside and used as houseplants during the winter or just brought in during frosty weather. Used in landscapes as a border or edging plant, begonias can help your garden pop.
Stokesia is a plant native to Florida wetlands that grows beautiful flowers in white, blue, purple, and lavender. They grow well in full sun or partial sun and are hardy plants that don’t require consistent watering. These plants are known as one of the best perennials for Florida. They grow up to 2 feet in height and 1 and a half feet across.
Wet soil can be detrimental to this plant leading to rot, but unlike most other plants on this list, stokesia will do well in frosty winters. They should be deadheaded but offer bounteous beautiful flowers from midsummer to early fall.
9. Red Spider Lily
Spider lilies are a hardy flowering plant that grows well in the heat and cold making it the perfect North Florida plant. They prefer full sun to part shade. Their blooming time is August to September which is more unique giving your garden a nice flowering plant as fall approaches.
The plant grows between one and two feet tall. The red flowers look spider-like on lush green stems, brightening and adding interest to your garden. Additionally it is fragrant giving your garden beautiful color and pleasing aromas.
Most attractive about this plant, though, is that it does not need protection from the cold or heat. After their blooming time, they’ll grow leaves and resemble shrubs. When summer approaches, they lose their leaves for a few weeks before flowering again in a constant cycle.
Impatiens plants are typically seen as décor in most summer gardens or front lawns. They thrive in warm weather and offer a pop of color that brighten up your home’s exterior. They will grow between 6 and 30 inches tall and are sensitive to lack of water. Additionally, while they can be grown in direct sun, they prefer partial to full shade.
The plants typically do best in warmer weather and should be planted after the dangers of frost have passed. When planted close together, the impatiens will grow to form a bank. Unlike other flowering plants, impatiens do not need to be pruned or deadheaded. They should bloom all season long.
We hope this list helps you find a few plants that will increase your property value and curb appeal. When the time comes to sell your house, know you can count on us. Contact us for more information as we would love to help you find your dream house or property.
For more information call our office at 352-226-8474.